Antioch on the Orontes

(Modern Antakya, in Turkey). Chief city of Byzantine Syria (q.v.) and one of the great cities of the eastern Mediterranean (q.v.) until its sack by the Persians (q.v.) in 540. It was a cultural, religious, and administrative center, seat of one of the great eastern patriarchs (q.v.), resplendent with magnificent public architecture and impressive fortifications. Ammianus Marcellinus and Libanios (qq.v.) came from Antioch. The theological school was renowned. It was also a military base from which military expeditions against the Persians (q.v.) originated. The emperor Julian (q.v.) spent much of his reign there, preparing for his Persian campaign while railing against its pleasure-seeking citizenry. The Arabs (q.v.) seized it in 637. The First Crusade (q.v.) conquered it in 1098, after which it became a bone of contention between its Latin rulers and Byzantium (qq.v.), beginning with Bohemund (q.v.). At various times its technical submission to Byzantium was gained, e.g., Raymond of Poitiers (q.v.) submitted the city to John II (q.v.) in 1137. The Mamluks (q.v.) sacked it in 1268.

Historical Dictionary of Byzantium . .

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  • Antioch — on the Orontes (] The population was estimated by Chrysostom at about 100,000 people at the time of Theodosius I. Between 252 and 300, ten assemblies of the church were held at Antioch and it became the seat of one of the four original… …   Wikipedia

  • Antioch, Pisidia — Antioch in Pisidia ndash; alternatively Antiochia in Pisidia or Pisidian Antioch ( el. Ἀντιόχεια τῆς Πισιδίας) and in Roman Empire, Latin: Antiochia Caesareia or Antiochia Caesaria ndash; is a city in the Turkish Lakes Region, which is at the… …   Wikipedia

  • Antioch (disambiguation) — Antioch may refer to:PlacesIn Asia: *Antioch on the Orontes (Syrian Antioch), now Antakya in Turkey * Antioch on the Cydnus, Tarsus (city), now in Turkey * Antioch, Mygdonia, former name of Nisibis; in ancient Mesopotamia, now Nusaybin in Turkey… …   Wikipedia

  • Antioch — Antakya (Turkish), Əntakiyyə (Azeri), Antioch on the Orontes (extended name in English), Antioche (French), Antiochia (Hungarian, Latin, Slovak), Antiochia or Antiochia/Antioch/Antiochien am Orontes (German), Antiochia or Antiochia di Siria… …   Names of cities in different languages

  • Antioch — noun /ˈæntiɒk/ the name of a number of cities founded by kings of the Seleucid dynasty, the most famous being Antioch on the Orontes in ancient Syria (modern day Antakya in south eastern Turkey) During his frequent stays at Antioch, Tigranes… …   Wiktionary

  • Orontes River — in Turkey See Orontid dynasty for the Armenian kings and satraps called Orontes. The Orontes (Ὀρόντης) or ‘Āṣī (العاصي) is a river of Lebanon, Syria and Turkey …   Wikipedia

  • ANTIOCH — (Turk. Antakya), city in southern Turkey, on the lower Orontes (Asi) near the Syrian border. Population (2004): 158,400. Part of Syria under the French mandate, it was annexed to Turkey in 1939 along with the district of Alexandretta (iskenderun… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Antioch of Syria —     Antioch     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Antioch     I. ANTIOCH OF SYRIA     It is difficult to realize that in the modern Antakieh (28,000 inhab.), we have the once famous Queen of the East , which, with its population of more than half a… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Orontes River —    The chief river of Syria, used or crossed by numerous ancient armies, merchants, and travelers, including many from Mesopotamia. The Orontes (or Axius) rises in the Bekaa Valley, in what is now Lebanon, and empties into the Mediterranean Sea… …   Ancient Mesopotamia dictioary

  • Antioch — Antiochian /an tee oh kee euhn/, n., adj. /an tee ok /, n. 1. Arabic, Antakiya. Turkish, Antakya. a city in S Turkey: capital of the ancient kingdom of Syria 300 64 B.C. 66,520. 2. a city in W California. 43,559. * * * Turkish Antakya City (pop …   Universalium

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